In lecture 13, Dr. Trueman continues his analysis of Luther and his influence in Reformation history. Most of this lecture deals with the complexities of the Peasants’ War and Luther’s response. Europe went through tremendous changes socially and economically during this period as people moved away from the countryside and into cities. No longer was knowledge gleaned from family but rather from networks formed in the city. Populations became mobile, effecting the wealth of landowners who had depended on the service of peasants.
Erasmus desired a society transformed by the recovery of classical learning; Luther desired to see the church be the church. Karlstadt held more radical views, romping around in peasant clothing while enjoying the position of an elite.
The peasants finally erupted in 1522, but it wasn’t until 1525 that the Peasants’ War began. Roman Catholic as well as Protestant forces quelled the rebellion, which was more of an extermination than a battle. During this time period, Luther marries Katharina von Bora.